Fracking explained: opportunity or danger

  • Published: 03 September 2013
  • Fracking explained in five minutes.

    Fracking is a controversial topic. On the one side the gas drilling companies, on the other citizen opposed to this drilling method. Politicians are also divided on the matter.
    We try to take a neutral look on fracking. It is relevant for all of us, because of high prices for energy and the danger for our drinking water.
    This video focuses mostly on the debate currently ongoing in europe. In a lot of european countries there is a public outcry against fracking, espacially in germany. But the facts in this video are relevant to all of us.

    Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science.

    We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :)

    We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi!

    Fracking explained: opportunity or danger

    Help us caption & translate this video!

Comments • 7 316

  • Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell

    There's brand new stuff in the Kurzgesagt Merch Shop. Check it out here:

  • Electronaut Zero
    Electronaut Zero  24 hours back

    Misinformation and lies in a slick presentation.

    • cole pellegrin
      cole pellegrin  2 days back

      To end this whole debate:
      Renewable energy will not work

      -thorium reactors seems cleaner and more effective but one, you need to kick start the reaction unlike you do with uranium, and thorium reactors also have nuclear by products such as iodine-129 which has a half life of 15.7 million years. So where are we going to put all that nuclear waste?

      -wind energy relies on well wind. It relies on how hard the wind will blow and when the wind isn’t blowing then you basically have a big metal fan that is responsible for killing birds, hundreds of thousands so far.

      -solar energy, seems alright right? Well here’s the problem, besides being very expensive and materials lacking, they have issues on locations. If you live somewhere where it’s sunny all the time and have the money and space then you’re golden, but solar panels aren’t 100% especially when it’s cloudy. Again you’re depending on weather for your energy. Not to mention there will be surpluses of energy and droughts, example, the winter solstice has the longest night out of the year, during that time you won’t have as much energy, during the summer you’ll have to much. Now you can rely on batteries and capacitors but then you’re producing more problems since the manufacturing of batteries is more harmful for the environment.

      -hydroelectric dams, now what could be wrong with water? Well again, relying on weather, the dams rely on how much it rains and that isn’t very predictable. Sure the weatherman can say you’ll get this many inches but how often will that be constant and how many times a year is it going to rain in certain locations? Not to mention building damns will destroy the ecosystem, you’ll change fish migrations and destroy habitats for other animals and even people.

      -geothermal, now this is interesting but its biggest draw back is location location location, it relies on hotspots to produce electricity so unless you’re sitting on a mini volcano I doubt this will work for you.

      -biomass, this is possibly the worst out of all. Relying on burning of bio products doesn’t seem bad because hey we burn wood to make fires for warmth and to cook. Well you’re also relying on burning plants, trees, crops, and yes, poopy. While burning things on its own is bad enough releasing toxins into the environment especially methane from the poo poo, it requires sole dedication to just that. More space will be needed to keep up with the increase in demand for trees and crops which would lead to deforestation and again destroying ecosystems not to mention how large the biomass plants will need to be.

      Now the biggest 2 issues besides not being as constant and predictable as fossil fuels is THEY ARE FAR LESS ENERGY EFFICIENCT and REQUIRE GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES TO OPERATE. Why should we increase taxes for energy that isn’t reliable and can cause more harm then good? I’m all for renewable energy that works but none of these will work. If you have a good renewable energy with little to no problems that doesn’t rely on the weather and can be used anywhere in the world then please tell us because so far there is nothing that’s as efficient or controllable as oil and gas. Does it have problems yes most definitely but it’s cheap, can be used anywhere in the world, doesn’t rely on the weather, doesn’t need to destroy ecosystems, and it just works for more then just energy. All your plastics, are oil, your gas and diesel, oil, lubricants, oil, chemicals may they be household or industrial, oil, Hell even the roads we drive on are made using oil.
      If you can come up with a better energy source please, let the world know and collect your Nobel prize.

      • Mr. Collins
        Mr. Collins  3 days back

        It's quite "fracking" bad.

        • Allison Colby
          Allison Colby  3 days back

          I really hate robot voices. Especially when something this seriously bad is being relayed. The lack of a human voice diminishes this topic and its dangers and severity. I mean, try and imagine a robot saying something genuine, like," have a nice day," or "i love you." with an absense of spirit, its meaning is diminished. Just saying.

          • Kiran Govind
            Kiran Govind  4 days back

            So is this why they are trying to blame methane in the atmosphere on cows?!?

            • TheAmazingEpicFace YouTube

              frag alert

              *gigantuan explosion*

              • Memo Rivera
                Memo Rivera  7 days back

                Thank you guys

                • Raghu Seetharaman
                  Raghu Seetharaman  1 weeks back


                  • Jm56Z
                    Jm56Z  1 weeks back

                    So, it's so dangerous for health that only Europe has enough safety level to use it. But it's so polluting that only the US can use it. Obviously, I'm not taking China and India into account.

                    • Nugroho W.
                      Nugroho W.  1 weeks back

                      What the frack.

                      • Edward Day
                        Edward Day  2 weeks back

                        At first I saw it as f*cking explained

                        • Nugroho W.
                          Nugroho W.  1 weeks back

                          When mommy earth and daddy pipe love each other..

                      • Hunter Mcgeary
                        Hunter Mcgeary  2 weeks back

                        Thanks helped me so much

                        • Mashed potatus
                          Mashed potatus  2 weeks back

                          Put your stocks on Fracking?

                          • Ethan Davies
                            Ethan Davies  2 weeks back

                            Come and frack me Amadeus

                            • Minhyung Lee
                              Minhyung Lee  2 weeks back

                              Pro : Oil-independence, so the US doesn't need to station troops in the Middle East anymore. Life of US troops and Arab civilians saved. Defense cost reduced.

                              Con : Long term pollution, with potential threats to water sources...

                              • OOFPRO_3.0
                                OOFPRO_3.0  2 weeks back

                                The fracking fricking fluid!

                                • OOFPRO_3.0
                                  OOFPRO_3.0  2 weeks back

                                  A fracking boom
                                  A fricking boom

                                  • Cherokee Tears
                                    Cherokee Tears  2 weeks back

                                    After watching this video I realized that this extremely pleasant voice belongs to Mr. Steve Tyler 🗣

                                    • Mr Mavvy
                                      Mr Mavvy  2 weeks back

                                      It's in the fracccckinngg ship!!!

                                      • Happy Aaron
                                        Happy Aaron  2 weeks back

                                        Our environment will keep getting polluted and the reckless use of Fossil fuels will continue till we run out of these fuels. People are just too ignorant. They see that it's a huge problem and it will result badly but noo. We get these things for free, we make a great profit by selling this, let's just continue till we run out of this stuff. And that's one of the reasons I want these fossil fuel sources to run out. IDC if I die or others die. At least some bastards will learn something.

                                        • Mud Fox
                                          Mud Fox  2 weeks back

                                          I came here from bo jack horseman
                                          I was so confused what the heck it was

                                          • Austin Mills
                                            Austin Mills  2 weeks back

                                            So you need energy to get energy. Got it😆

                                            • Shabab Murshed
                                              Shabab Murshed  2 weeks back

                                              I dont get why do they have to put the fracking fluid back to the deep earth whats the purpose

                                              • aleksander suur
                                                aleksander suur  2 weeks back

                                                Presumably it's no good for infinite reuse and you have to dispose of it somewhere. It's probably just the least expensive way of disposing it as above ground disposal would be much more problematic.

                                            • Rick Sanchez
                                              Rick Sanchez  2 weeks back

                                              How might we fight this?
                                              I have a few trepidations about it, especially sense many companies are hesitant to give out the what is in their mixture

                                              • Clark Cunningham
                                                Clark Cunningham  2 weeks back

                                                Rick, Visiting frac focus will give you all the chemical components pumped in each well. The "names" are not released due to competition between the oil and gas operators. Chemical disclosure to the state is a law in every state I have operated in to date (7). Hopefully this helps.

                                            • Monsee
                                              Monsee  3 weeks back

                                              fracking sounds like a kids friendly f word

                                              • Mr Mavvy
                                                Mr Mavvy  2 weeks back

                                                Guessing you've never watched Battlestar Galactica then lol

                                            • Bernardo do Cruzeiro
                                              Bernardo do Cruzeiro  3 weeks back

                                              Am I wrong in supposing that if chemists didn't sell themselves this wouldn't happen?

                                              • moeshickenyay
                                                moeshickenyay  3 weeks back

                                                Sounds like the responsible way to drill for natural gas?

                                                • Cam K
                                                  Cam K  4 weeks back

                                                  So in other words there is a market for cleaner fracking fluids

                                                  • Rick Sanchez
                                                    Rick Sanchez  2 weeks back

                                                    That would be sweet; but I haven't seen or heard of the persuit of such a technology

                                                • Thunderbolt
                                                  Thunderbolt  4 weeks back

                                                  I believe this caused a magnitude 2.3 earthquake in FL.

                                                  • Thunderbolt
                                                    Thunderbolt  3 weeks back

                                                    The fracking might be mostly in FL... Even worse, it can get in our water because we pump out groundwater from aquifers mainly

                                                • TylerWithAhintOfSalt
                                                  TylerWithAhintOfSalt  4 weeks back

                                                  I thought that the title meant that they were explaining opportunity or danger and they just used the made up word fracking as a joke

                                                  • Param M
                                                    Param M  4 weeks back

                                                    anyone here after neduvasal ??

                                                    • Agent 3
                                                      Agent 3  4 weeks back

                                                      What the frack.

                                                      • pardn
                                                        pardn  4 weeks back

                                                        Forgot to mention earthquakes

                                                        • Smexywolf Boi
                                                          Smexywolf Boi  1 months back

                                                          I think we should have a legal limit for the amount of fracking going on and how much you can take out of the ground so that it’ll make the energy companies go into a state of panic and start spending more money on other forms of energy that they can use more of while being more safe for the environment.

                                                          • Footballer10K
                                                            Footballer10K  1 months back

                                                            so how long have they been fracking? So now we are saying some how the fractures creep into the drinking water table. How is that possible? Your average oil and gas well is 6000 feet and your average water well is 100 to 500 feet, so where is the proof that some how these fractures made its way 5500 feet into the drinking water table. That is 18 football fields apart. I'm call BS on that one.

                                                            • bertjesklotepino
                                                              bertjesklotepino  1 months back

                                                              and what is in the chemicals?
                                                              and where will it eventually end up?

                                                              • bertjesklotepino
                                                                bertjesklotepino  1 months back

                                                                and what about mr Galen Winsor and his talk on youtube?
                                                                Is he wrong?

                                                            • Mauro Scimone
                                                              Mauro Scimone  1 months back

                                                              Methane is a GHG 50 to 80 more powerful than CO2

                                                              • Lance Soban
                                                                Lance Soban  1 months back

                                                                Why am I watching this shit, been watching your channel for hours, scared of black holes, plastic, a great filter, and now fracking. Thanks a lot.

                                                                • MrFrisMich
                                                                  MrFrisMich  1 months back

                                                                  The more i watch these videos, the less i think we can still save the earth from global warming and other things humankind has destroyed...

                                                                  • Silvus Sol
                                                                    Silvus Sol  1 months back

                                                                    Fracking needs to stop. Fossil fuels should be phasing out, and fracking slows this phasing process dramatically. Fracking is NOT worth it. We can find (and have found) other sources of energy. We have limited and already depleted supplies of ground water. Companies will cut corners, this will lead to permanent contamination of an irreplaceable resource. All for short term cheap fuel and fat profits for tycoons... NOT WORTH IT.

                                                                    • just coz
                                                                      just coz  1 months back

                                                                      Frack it

                                                                      • Yürüyen Ansiklopedi
                                                                        Yürüyen Ansiklopedi  1 months back

                                                                        fracking interesting

                                                                        • Thomas Kummer
                                                                          Thomas Kummer  1 months back

                                                                          The deepest aquifer is 1,200 ft deep. The majority of gas and oil wells are 4,000 - 8,000 ft deep. You can’t get frac fluid into the aquifer from the oil/gas well. The aquifer is protected from the well by a 12” thick piece of cement and a 1” thick steel pipe inside of the cement known as casing. When a well is done producing it is plugged with cement. The only risk that exists to drinking water is surface pollution or spills. There is no risk from fracking itself. If anything fracking is better for the environment as it requires less land than conventional drilling, as you get more wells from one pad.

                                                                          • meme jesus
                                                                            meme jesus  1 months back

                                                                            The FRACK you say to me little shit

                                                                            • ISAAC CLARKE MARKER
                                                                              ISAAC CLARKE MARKER  1 months back


                                                                              • Jamesfilms 1
                                                                                Jamesfilms 1  1 months back

                                                                                You f *-u-* racking idiot

                                                                                • Paul Hayden
                                                                                  Paul Hayden  1 months back

                                                                                  Is any thought of the future? It is all about cheap prices now and not future generations.